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July 30: David's Friendship (1 Samuel 18:1-4, 19:4-7, 20:40-42, 23:15-18)

Prepare for Sunday morning worship using the guide below.

Adult Education

A new series based on God's Big Picture: Tracing the Story Line of the Bible, will begin this Sunday in the youth room. This study will focus on the coherency of the Bible, following the specific theme kingdom of God and showing Christ as unifying subject and focus of the Bible. Ray Rutledge and Bo Pritchard will be in the Adult 1 classroom continuing through The Gospel Project (currently going through the New Testament). 

1 Samuel 18:1-4, 19:4-7, 20:40-42, 23:15-18

1As soon as he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 2 And Saul took him that day and would not let him return to his father's house. 3 Then Jonathan made a covenant with David, because he loved him as his own soul. And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, and his armor, and even his sword and his bow and his belt.

4 And Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father and said to him, “Let not the king sin against his servant David, because he has not sinned against you, and because his deeds have brought good to you. 5 For he took his life in his hand and he struck down the Philistine, and the Lord worked a great salvation for all Israel. You saw it, and rejoiced. Why then will you sin against innocent blood by killing David without cause?”6 And Saul listened to the voice of Jonathan. Saul swore, “As the Lord lives, he shall not be put to death.” 7 And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan reported to him all these things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence as before.

40 And Jonathan gave his weapons to his boy and said to him, “Go and carry them to the city.” 41 And as soon as the boy had gone, David rose from beside the stone heap and fell on his face to the ground and bowed three times. And they kissed one another and wept with one another, David weeping the most. 42 Then Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, because we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, ‘The Lord shall be between me and you, and between my offspring and your offspring, forever.’” And he rose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city. 

 15 David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh. 16 And Jonathan, Saul's son, rose and went to David at Horesh, and strengthened his hand in God. 17 And he said to him, “Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. Saul my father also knows this.” 18 And the two of them made a covenant before the Lord. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home. 

Sermon Summary

As we continue moving through the life of David we come to the story of his friendship with King Saul’s son Jonathan. And this story really shows us two kinds of friendship: friendship with God and friendship with others. We learn that Jonathan was such a good friend to David precisely because he loved God and believed his promise that David would be king. And likewise David was a good friend to Jonathan as a reflection of God’s love and faithfulness. As their friendship passes through an initial stage of commitment, then through a season of crisis, and eventually culminating in blessing for them both, we see through it all that they remain loyal to one another because of God's great faithfulness to them.

Review and Apply

Why is it so surprising that Jonathan (the king's son) would enter into a covenant of friendship with David (a shepherd boy)? What does this reveal about the nature of their friendship?

What is the quality of your friendships within the body of Christ? Do you have friendships where you're intentionally working together to grow in faith in Christ?

Do you have any unresolved conflicts in your friendships that need to be addressed?

Jesus is God's chosen king, the one to whom David points us. And how is your friendship with Jesus? How would you describe your loyalty to Jesus even when it costs you?

How have you seen God's steadfast love demonstrated to you? How has he proven himself to be a faithful friend to you throughout life?