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February 3 - God's New People (Romans 9:24-33)

Prepare for Sunday morning worship by using the guide below.

Worship Songs

All Hail the Power of Jesus Name
Not In Me
All I Have Is Christ

Adult Education

Nik Lingle and Phillip Taylor will continue teaching a series on How the Church Works. This class will be at 10:00am in the Youth Room.

Romans 9:24-33

24 even us whom he has called, not from the Jews only but also from the Gentiles? 25 As indeed he says in Hosea,

“Those who were not my people I will call ‘my people,’
    and her who was not beloved I will call ‘beloved.’”
26 “And in the very place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’
    there they will be called ‘sons of the living God.’”

27 And Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: “Though the number of the sons of Israel[c] be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant of them will be saved, 28 for the Lord will carry out his sentence upon the earth fully and without delay.” 29 And as Isaiah predicted,

“If the Lord of hosts had not left us offspring,
    we would have been like Sodom
    and become like Gomorrah.”

30 What shall we say, then? That Gentiles who did not pursue righteousness have attained it, that is, a righteousness that is by faith; 31 but that Israel who pursued a law that would lead to righteousness did not succeed in reaching that law. 32 Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were based on works. They have stumbled over the stumbling stone, 33 as it is written,

“Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense;
    and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.”

Summary

Lets look over the landscape. While we are promised that God will never leave us, the question remained why so many of Israel rejected her Messiah. Did God's promises fail them and could they possibly fail us? Paul answers, no. His word did not fail for not all Israel belonged to Israel. In other words, the physical and ethnic descendants of Abraham are not the same as the children of God or the children of promise. The children of promise are not born through Abraham literally but born of God through his merciful call to salvation. It is these who are true Israel. This electing mercy of God was not rooted in what we have done or will do but in his glorious and mysterious purposes. After proving that God is just and fair, he reminds the children of promise that they are the vessels of mercy, whom God has prepared beforehand for glory. They are true Israel. 

In our passage, Paul shows 'these vessels of mercy', the progressive outworking of God’s electing mercy. His plan is to include Gentiles with Jews as a newly gathered people, God’s new society. Paul’s point is that God’s word had not failed but that God’s intention was to call a people from every tribe, tongue and nation to create a unique people for himself and for his pleasure. He then quotes four OT verses to prove this.

Review and Apply

What does it mean to be 'called of God'?

How would you define God's new society from this passage?

What is the central unifying point for God's new people?

How do you see yourself in light of the vast mercy of God in calling you as a child of promise joining with those throughout the ages?

How do the quotations from Hosea and Isaiah confirm God's purposes for his new community of faith?

What does Isaiah say about Israel?

What are the reasons that so few of the nation of Israel believed?

Does God have two distinct plans, one for the Jews and one for the church or should they be viewed as both constituting one people of God? Explain.